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2018 Nepal Early Grade Reading Program (EGRP), Midline Study

Oral Reading Fluency (ORF)

Oral Reading Fluency (ORF)

The oral reading fluency (ORF) subtask measures how quickly and accurately a student can read. It is a core component of EGRA because it brings together lower-level reading skills (such as decoding and familiar word recognition) with how quickly and easily the student can read a given word (called automaticity).

Students are given a short, written passage on a topic that is familiar to them. They are asked to read it out loud “quickly but carefully” and are given 60 seconds from when they begin to read. The EGRA administrator times the student, making note of any mistakes the student makes while reading the words aloud. The score is reported as correct words per minute (cwpm).



Average Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) Scores
Average Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) Score
# Indicates too few cases for reliable estimate


This chart shows the distribution of the number of words of connected text read correctly per minute (Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) score) by grade 1 students.
No distribution scores data is available for this subtask with the selected filters.

Zero Scores

Zero scores represent the percentage of students who received a score of zero on a given subtask. Zero scores are often used for comparison purposes because they are logically equivalent across different languages.
Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) Zero Scores
# Indicates too few cases for reliable estimate
Seeing high zero scores?
High zero scores (25% and above) sometimes indicate where there is an EGRA subtask ceiling effect (i.e., students have not mastered lower-order reading skills). High zero scores can also help identify schools, districts, or education systems that need more support. Learn more about zero scores.

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Chicago Manual of Style:

"2018 Nepal Early Grade Reading Program (EGRP), Midline Study: Assessment Outcomes," Early Grade Reading Barometer, U.S. Agency for International Development, last modified January 5, 2022,

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2018 Nepal Early Grade Reading Program (EGRP), Midline Study: Assessment Outcomes. (n.d.) Early Grade Reading Barometer.

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