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The USAID India Teacher Innovations in Practice (TIP) program was implemented between 2014 and 2018, in Uttar Pradesh, by STIR Education.

The goal of the TIP program was to increase teachers’ motivation to improve student learning outcomes. The program focused on teachers’ mindsets and behaviors, building an enabling environment, and enhancing teaching skills and knowledge. EGR Barometer data for TIP were collected in 2018, representing the endline (last) assessment.

EGRA Subtasks

An EGRA measures children’s pre-reading and reading skills. The subtasks used in this assessment are described below.

Oral Reading Fluency (ORF)

The oral reading fluency (ORF) subtask measures how quickly and accurately a student can read. It is a core component of EGRA because it brings together lower-level reading skills (such as decoding and familiar word recognition) with how quickly and easily the student can read a given word (called automaticity).

Students were given a short, written passage on a topic that was familiar to them. They were asked to read it out loud “quickly but carefully” and were given 60 seconds from when they begin to read. The EGRA administrator timed the student, making note of any mistakes the student made while reading the words aloud. The score is reported as correct words per minute (cwpm).

Reading Comprehension

Comprehension is the main goal of reading—understanding what is read. Comprehension is a complex task that requires some ability in all other reading skills.

This subtask is paired with the ORF subtask. Depending on how much of the ORF passage the student was able to read, the EGRA administrator asks the student up to five questions about the story. The EGRA administrator recorded the number of questions answered correctly.

Districts Included in the Study

Not part of the study
States included in the study
Districts included in the study
Map of India

Key Findings

  • 1/3

    Results of the Teacher Innovations in Practice intervention in Uttar Pradesh showed no statistically significant impact on the percentage of students able to read ASER Standard 2 level text.

  • 2/3

    One in ten students (10%) read ASER Standard 2 level text. Boys and girls performed about the same.

  • 3/3

    The average oral reading fluency (ORF) rate for students was 7 correct words per minute (CWPM). Boys and girls performed about the same.

Program Design

USAID, in partnership with STIR Education, sought to re-motivate teachers. The program recognized the innovations teachers made to their teaching practices, then gathered teachers in a network to share, support, adapt, and improve their classroom teaching practices.

Evaluation Design

EGR Barometer data for Teacher Innovations in Practice were collected in 2018. Data analysis shows achievement for students in grade 2 compared to those in a control group. Note that as baseline data was not collected, it is not possible to fully attribute differences between the program and control groups to the intervention.

More detailed information about this program may be found in All Children Reading-Asia, Analysis of Early Grade Reading Assessment in India: Initial Data Collection (PDF, 2.8 MB) and Assessment Report and All Children Reading-Asia, Analysis of Early Grade Reading Assessment in India, Impact Assessment Report (PDF, 4.4 MB).

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