Early Grade Reading Assessments in India
In September 2017, USAID commissioned RTI and Pratham Education Foundation’s (Pratham) Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) Centre to conduct the Analysis of Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) in India activity. Together, RTI and Pratham developed a research plan and modified standard ASER and EGRA instruments to serve the research objective. The five largest education projects from the Mission’s portfolio were selected for inclusion into the assessment.
Select a project below to learn more.
The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) Survey is an annual household-based, citizen-led assessment of learning outcomes in rural India. By design ASER is a “floor” test that aims to evaluate students’ early reading ability.
The reading assessments were developed taking into account the state-mandated curriculum for each state. The ASER reading assessment categorizes learners in one of five levels:
- Non-reader (beginner)
- Standard 1-level
- Standard 2-level
The content of the reading assessment (i.e., the selection of words, the length of sentences and reading passages) was aligned to the Standard 1- and 2-level textbooks in each state. At the letter level, recognition of only simple letters is assessed. Students were marked at the highest level at which they could read comfortably.