All Grade 2 students assessed in 2010 and 2012 were included in this analysis. The graph below shows the distribution of Oral Reading Fluency (ORF), measured by the number of correct words per minute, for both years.
Percentage of Grade 2 Students Scoring at Selected Benchmark Value
"2012 Malawi Teacher Professional Development Support (MTPDS) Program, National Endline Study: Compare Years," Early Grade Reading Barometer, U.S. Agency for International Development, last modified January 5, 2022, https://earlygradereadingbarometer.org/results/Malawi/MTPDS-2012/compare.
2012 Malawi Teacher Professional Development Support (MTPDS) Program, National Endline Study: Compare Years. (n.d.) Early Grade Reading Barometer. https://earlygradereadingbarometer.org/results/Malawi/MTPDS-2012/compare