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Subtask

Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics

The oral reading fluency (ORF) subtask measures how quickly and accurately a student can read. It is a core component of EGRA because it brings together lower-level reading skills (such as decoding and familiar word recognition) with how quickly and easily the student can read a given word (called automaticity).

Students were given a short, written passage on a topic that was familiar to them. The story consisted for 57 words in formal Arabic, but without diacritics. They were asked to read it out loud “quickly but carefully” and were given 90 seconds from when they begin to read. The EGRA administrator timed the student, making note of any mistakes the student made while reading the words aloud. Children were scored on this ORF subtask on whether they correctly pronounced the letters in the words, regardless of what short vowels they used for the syllables (without diacritics). The score is reported as correct words per minute (cwpm).

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Average Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics

Average Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics Score
Gender Grade 2
All Students25
Boys21
Girls29
# Indicates too few cases for reliable estimate
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Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics Score Distribution

This chart shows the distribution of the number of words of connected text read fluently per minute (Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics score) by grade 2 students.
Grade 2 Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics Scores
Percent of Students
Zero10.9%
1-1017.4%
11-2019.7%
21-3017.8%
31-4013.7%
41-509.0%
51-604.8%
61-703.2%
71-802.0%
>801.5%
# Indicates too few cases for reliable estimate
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Zero Scores

Zero scores represent the percentage of students who received a score of zero on a given subtask. Zero scores are often used for comparison purposes because they are logically equivalent across different languages.
Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) without Diacritics Zero Scores
Gender Grade 2
Boys13.3%
Girls8.4%
# Indicates too few cases for reliable estimate
Seeing high zero scores?
High zero scores sometimes indicate where there is an EGRA subtask ceiling effect (i.e., students have not mastered lower-order reading skills). High zero scores can also help identify schools, districts, or education systems that need more support. Learn more.
How to Cite This Page
Chicago Manual of Style:

"West Bank, USAID EdData II, Early Grade Reading Assessment Grade 2, Baseline Survey: Assessment Outcomes," Early Grade Reading Barometer, U.S. Agency for International Development, last modified January 5, 2022, https://earlygradereadingbarometer.org/results/West-Bank/2014/outcomes.

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APA:

West Bank, USAID EdData II, Early Grade Reading Assessment Grade 2, Baseline Survey: Assessment Outcomes. (n.d.) Early Grade Reading Barometer. https://earlygradereadingbarometer.org/results/West-Bank/2014/outcomes

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