EGR Barometer data are from the EdData II Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) National Baseline Assessment in Mali (2015). A total of 149 schools were randomly selected by region and school type (curriculum, classique, medersa) in the Koulikoro, Sikasso, and Ségou regions of Mali. Students in all school types were assessed in French, and students in curriculum schools also were assessed in Bamanankan. A total of 2,826 students were assessed in grades 2 and 4.
Oral reading fluency (ORF) is a measure of overall reading competence. Zero scores indicate the proportion of students who could not perform one task correctly.