EGR Barometer data are from the USAID-funded EdData II Egypt Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) Baseline. The study was a nationally representative sample of 200 schools: 40 Egypt Ministry of Education primary schools randomly selected from each of 5 subnational regions encompassing 25 of Egypt’s 27 governorates. A total of 1,992 grade 3 students were assessed. The data are nationally and sub-nationally representative.
Oral reading fluency (ORF) is a measure of overall reading competence. Zero scores indicate the proportion of students who could not perform one task correctly.