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Comparisons of Zero Scores

Percentage of students who scored zero

Oral Reading Fluency

Oral reading fluency is a measure of overall reading competence: the ability to translate letters into sounds, unify sounds into words, process connections, relate text to meaning, and make inferences to fill in missing information.

Why compare only zero scores?

The acquisition of reading skills varies by the regularity or complexity of a language. In addition, reading acquisition is affected by many factors that vary from place to place. These differences in language complexity and the social context of learning suggest that direct comparisons of scores for EGRA sub-tasks in different places are inappropriate. However, zero scores, or the percentage of students who cannot correctly perform even one task correctly, are logically equivalent across different languages, and thus provide a simple and comparable cross-national measure.

Percentage of grade 2 students who could not read a single word of connected text

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The numbers shown for each place represent the areas included in the study only. View maps.